Historically, logistics in Colombia has been considered a pending direct impact on the country's development by both the public and private sectors. The logistics costs for transporting freight and passengers in the country, strongly influenced by the Colombian geography, has led the momentum of development initiatives by the various stakeholders in order to bring about an improvement in the field.
Aware of this situation, the Government formulated the
National Logistics Policy - PNL (CONPES 3547, 2008), in which is identified as a problematic axis the "absence or dispersion of information" specifically in logistics, which precludes the prioritization of actions or need of reorienting or reformulate. By identifying this problematic axis, within the specific objectives of PNL, it was identificated the need of "Production of information" and was recommended to develop a National Logistics Survey targeting the productive sector and service providers of transportation and logistics to get "the institutionalization of a tool that can give continuity to the process and allows us to observe the behavior of logistics in the country over time.
Since then, the Government has also promoted various initiatives to strengthen the national logistics system. However, it is noted that for the generation of information it persists a lack of knowledge in the private sector and academic about the national logistics performance and progress in the implementation of public policies in the sector:
- The National Logistics Survey, conducted first in the year 2008 (ENL2008), in which is presented a first logistics benchmarking abput the country
- The study "Structuring the georeferenced Logistics Information System (SIGLOG)" in which the country consolidated geographic information
- In December 2014 an study update of the National Logistics Survey was hired - ENL 2015, called "Colombia is Logistics", in order to analyze the logistics performance of companies in the country
- In addition, another technological initiatives have been promoted to facilitate the capture of relevant data to the logistics sector. While these initiatives have enabled to capture a significant amount of data, information derived from their analysis remains scattered.
In this context, in 2013 the DNP decided to take the lead in structuring an initiative that would allow the acquisition and unification of the logistical information of the country for making strategic decisions. This initiative was called the National Observatory of Logistics (ONL). The aim was to consolidate the information generated by the different actors in the logistic chain in a system of 48 indicators at national scale, that will monitor the overall performance of the Colombian logistics and the impact of public policies, consolidating an information base line of indicators for the years 2002-2012.
This study will provide the basis for designing a strategic tool to capture, analyze and disseminate information logistics in the country, generating indicators and cuantitativ model oque facilitate efficient decision-making in public policy and prioritization public and private investment towards improving the country's competitivenesss
National Observatory of Logistics (ONL), is a strategic tool to capture, analyze and disseminate information logistics in the country, generating indicators and a quantitative model to facilitate efficient decision making public policy and prioritization of public and private investment towards improving the country's competitiveness
In recent years, the Colombian economy has increased its production and presence in international markets as a result of the internationalization of the economy. Both public investment and private investment has been concentrating on the development of new infrastructure and not necessarily in strengthening transport services. Also, the efficiency with which organizes and develops the movement of cargo in the country affects the competitiveness of businesses, and therefore the economy as a whole. In response to this, the traditional transport has evolved to broader concepts, such as logistics, defined as the set of processes of the supply chain that plans, implements and controls the efficient and effective flow of goods, services and information, involving infrastructure and integrating services provided through it and optimizing the structure of logistics costs and physical distribution.
Due to the productive growth of the country, infrastructure and logistics system become crucial to the competitiveness of the Colombian economy factors. In this context, the Government formulated the National Logistics Policy - PNL (CONPES 3547, 2008), which is identified as problematic axis "absence or dispersion of information" specifically in logistics, which precludes the prioritization of actions or the need to refocus or reformulate. By identifying this problematic axis, within the specific objectives of NLP he raised the need for "Production information" and recommended that a National Logistics Survey targeting the productive sector and service providers of transportation and logistics and seek " the institutionalization of a tool that can give continuity to the process and allows us to observe the behavior of logistics in the country over time. "
In this context, the Government has promoted various initiatives to strengthen the national logistics system, however, it shows that for the generation of information a lack of knowledge in the private sector and academic on the national logistics performance persists, and progress in the implementation of public sector policies. In response, have been promoted and tools designed to facilitate the capture and analysis of public and private, which has allowed to begin construction of an X-ray of the national logistics performance strategies.
Within the on ahead initiatives, a first logistics benchmarking the country in 2008 with the the National Logistics Survey (ENL2008), which aimed to capture the perceived level of quality of logistics services presented in the following analytical axes:
- Type and amount of goods handled
- Level of investment in assets associated with logistics operations
- Development of human talent
- Level outsourcing services
- Quality and speed of services rendered
In 2014 the study of "Structuring Information System Logistics georeferenced (SIGLOG)" was held in which geographic information was consolidated in the country which enabled to locate on the map of Colombia generating areas and attractors load, main corridors, type of cargo transported by logistics corridor, logistics areas, potential logistic platforms, protected areas, areas of mining production, agricultural production capacity, among others.
This information was consolidated with the aim of enriching the analysis on planning development articulated with logistical infrastructure development of the country. Continuing with this theme, the DNP identified the need for an instrument of periodic application for making logistics performance information that allows the private sector to provide information for the analysis of the National Observatory of Logistics. ENL 2015 called "Colombia is Logistics" in order to analyze the logistics performance of companies in the country - for this reason, in December 2014 update study of the National Logistics Survey was hired. "Colombia is Logistics" applied instruments for making quantitative information from a capture tool on-line and qualitative from sessions collaborative work with unions and private sector companies that allowed consolidate problematic in terms of logistics private sector and disclose the progress of the implementation of the National Logistics Policy. This project was supported by public entities, academic and the most representative associations in the private sector. In addition, initiatives have been promoted technological kind aimed at facilitating the capture of data relevant to the logistics sector steadily. These initiatives are those driven by different ministries and regulatory bodies aimed at estimating, among other variables, the costs of land transport and the value of their freight, road accidents, progress of infrastructure, administrative information of transportation companies and formalities for foreign trade
While these technological initiatives have capture a significant amount of data, information derived from their analysis remains dispersed. Therefore, DNP developed in 2013 a study of structuring the National Observatory of Logistics - NPOs aimed at consolidating the information generated by the different actors in the supply chain in a system of 48 indicators of national, that will monitor overall performance of the Colombian logistics and the impact of public policies, consolidating an information base of indicators from 2002 to 2012. During this study online information sources were identified for the data calculation and analysis were performed showing the importance of these indicators, some recommendations and general guidelines for exchange of information for future technological tool is also defined. Starting from this study and given the efforts made by the Government for the generation of information logistics from different entities, and the necessary consolidation and analysis of the different actors of the Colombian Logistics System, was required to hire a consultancy to implement and launch a platform (technological tool) WEB to consolidate, analyze and publish information studio ONL 2013 and further other information logistical interest to the country, this so that the different actors in this field can make different types analysis, this being a tool to consolidate data and information technologies with a high degree of automated update, following the recommendations of shaping and exchange of information given in the study of 2013. This tool will provide technical input for decision decisions on public policy, prioritizing public and private investment and disclosure of actions taken by the Government in different sectors in the implementation of the National Logistics Policy. This project will be part of the Strategy of Online Government - GEL and BIG DATA initiative, with the aim of directing its development strategy of Open Government and interoperability of systems identified information allowing analysis of structured information with an appropriate level of update